December 2022 crude steel production

World crude steel production for the 64 countries reporting to the World Steel Association (worldsteel) was 140.7 million tonnes (Mt) in December 2022, a 10.8% decrease compared to December 2021.

Crude steel production by region

Africa produced 1.1 Mt in December 2022, down 8.9% on December 2021. Asia and Oceania produced 104.9 Mt, down 9.2%. The EU (27) produced 9.2 Mt, down 16.7%. Europe, Other produced 3.4 Mt, down 19.2%. The Middle East produced 3.7 Mt, up 0.4%. North America produced 8.8 Mt, down 9.9%. Russia & other CIS + Ukraine produced 6.2 Mt, down 28.4%. South America produced 3.3 Mt, down 3.8%.

Table 1. Crude steel production by region
Dec 2022 (Mt)% change Dec 22/21Jan-Dec
2022 (Mt)
% change Jan-Dec 22/21
Asia and Oceania104.9-9.21,351.3-2.3
EU (27)9.2-16.7136.7-10.5
Europe, Other3.4-19.244.7-12.2
Middle East3.70.444.07.1
North America8.8-9.9111.4-5.5
Russia & other CIS + Ukraine6.2-28.485.2-20.2
South America3.3-3.843.3-5.0
Total 64 countries140.7-10.81,831.5-4.3

The 64 countries included in this table accounted for approximately 98% of total world crude steel production in 2021.

  • Africa: Egypt, Libya, South Africa
  • Asia and Oceania: Australia, China, India, Japan, New Zealand, South Korea, Pakistan, Taiwan (China), Thailand, Viet Nam
  • Russia & other CIS + Ukraine: Belarus, Kazakhstan, Moldova, Russia, Ukraine, Uzbekistan
  • European Union (27)
  • Europe, Other: Bosnia-Herzegovina, Macedonia, Norway, Serbia, Türkiye, United Kingdom
  • Middle East: Iran, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates
  • North America: Canada, Cuba, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico, United States
  • South America: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela


Top 10 steel-producing countries

China produced 77.9 Mt in December 2022, down 9.8% on December 2021. India produced 10.6 Mt, up 0.8%. Japan produced 6.9 Mt, down 13.1%. The United States produced 6.5 Mt, down 8.3%. Russia is estimated to have produced 5.5 Mt, down 11.3%. South Korea produced 5.2 Mt, down 11.6%. Germany produced 2.7 Mt, down 14.6%. Türkiye produced 2.7 Mt, down 20.0%. Brazil produced 2.5 Mt, down 5.2%. Iran produced 2.7 Mt, up 3.3%.

Table 2. Top 10 steel-producing countries
Dec 2022 (Mt) % change Dec 22/21Jan-Dec 2022 (Mt)% change Jan-Dec 22/21
United States6.5-8.380.7-5.9
South Korea5.2-11.665.9-6.5

e – estimated. Ranking of the top 10 producing countries is based on year-to-date aggregate

2022 global crude steel production totals

Total world crude steel production was 1,878.5 Mt in 2022, a 4.2% decrease compared to 2021. Please see the Steel Data Viewer for the complete listing of annual production totals by country.

e – annual figure estimated using partial data or non-worldsteel resources.

* The world total production figure in this table includes estimates of other countries that only report annually.


Notes to Editors:

  • The World Steel Association (worldsteel) is one of the largest and most dynamic industry associations in the world, with members in every major steel-producing country. worldsteel represents steel producers, national and regional steel industry associations, and steel research institutes. Members represent around 85% of global steel production.


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